Antibiotics at bronchitis for children and adults

Article content:

  1. Symptoms of acute bronchitis
  2. What is the best antibiotic for bronchitis?
  3. Antibiotics for children

Bronchitis - a common disease, which in recent years, the population is chronic and symptoms of bronchitis in adults are diverse and depend on many factors.

Before treatment of bronchitis need to find out the root cause of the disease. Unfortunately, antibiotics for bronchitis in adults appointed empirically, and under certain conditions of their appointment entirely inappropriate.

We know that bronchitis is easily treated without antibiotics if the inflammation has a viral origin, since the virus is not treated with antibacterial agents. If, during the SARS we are taking antibiotics - it only prevents the protective mechanisms of the body to fight the virus, they depress the immune system, lead to the development of dysbiosis, allergies, microorganisms develop resistance to the drug.

Depending on the type of bronchitis, the doctor prescribes the appropriate treatment. Kinds of Bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is an inflammatory process in the bronchi, which occurs most often in the background of SARS and influenza. In the normal immune state, the human body is struggling with the virus on its own and in this case antibiotics are not prescribed. But the accession of bacterial infections - pneumococcus, staphylococcus, streptococcus, with severe acute bronchitis causes the need for mandatory antibiotic intake.

Symptoms of acute bronchitis

Purulent sputum (yellow or green) with a strong cough, 37,5-38,5S temperature, pain in the chest. The doctor assigns expectorants, mucolytics to improve sputum clearance (Bromhexine, Lasolvan, Chest collection), that are used by inhalation method.

When dry painful, non-productive cough, antitussive agents are prescribed. Good help physiotherapy, physical therapy, vibrating massage. With timely and adequate treatment of the disease is rapid, residual effects in the form of cough may persist for 3-4 weeks after illness.

Chronic bronchitis. If the number of days of illness for two years more than three months, it is a chronic bronchitis believe. It is characterized by a strong cough with mucus. This can be attributed to smoking, occupational exposures, allergic reactions and respiratory infections. Separately allocated atypical forms of bronchitis.

Mycoplasma and chlamydia bronchitis - a special type of inflammation of the bronchi and lungs, which are caused by such atypical pathogens, like Chlamydia and Mycoplasma. In recent years, these were more likely to be diagnosed bronchitis.

Mycoplasma, Chlamydia pneumonia and bronchitis are developed slowly, accompanied by intoxication, are recurrent and protracted, difficult to treat. In patients it is observed in addition to cough high fever, chills, muscle aches.

What is the best antibiotic for bronchitis?

This is the one which is most sensitive to the causative agent. How is it to determine what antibiotics need to drink at bronchitis? The most correct choice of drugs will result after bacterial seeding sputum for sensitivity to antimicrobial agents.

The disadvantage of this analysis is the duration of the receipt of the result, and the fact that the analysis does not do because of cost or lack of bacteriological laboratory reagents. Most often, the doctor prescribes the standard antibiotics of a broad spectrum for the immediate treatment.

Antibiotics for children

Use of antimicrobial agents in children with colds unacceptable, taking them is justified only in case of complications: This may be the case when, after the influenza virus, SARS 4-5 days occurred deterioration of general condition of the child, the rise of high temperatures again, cough with purulent sputum. In this case, you should call a doctor. The most safe and effective drugs that can be administered to children - it aminopenicillin and macrolide.

Cephalosporins, and macrolides prescribed if there is an allergy to penicillin. During and after taking antibiotics child should take probiotic preparations in between taking antibiotics and after treatment continue to use bifiform, RioFlora Immuno, Acipol, Bifidumbacterin, Linex for another 2-4 weeks. The main rules for admission - continuity in the treatment of antibiotics. The doctor evaluates the patient's condition and determine the duration of therapy is usually enough 5-7 days, in the treatment of macrolides - 5 days. Take right on time.

Observe dosing frequency and withstand the same time intervals (24, 12, 8, 6 hours), i.e. if the antibiotic is assigned three times a day, it means that the reception is carried out every 8 hours. It is necessary to maintain a constant drug concentration in the blood.

Some antibiotics should be used 1 times a day (every 24 hours), the other two (every 12 hours), some three (8 hours). Monitor the effect of the antibiotic. If within 72 hours no improvement is observed, then this pathogen antibacterial agent and should be resistant to change.

Continue treatment after 2-3 days after the apparent improvement, the recovery (see more. 11 of the rules of correct antibiotics). Whenever you feel unwell, coughing, temperature, you should always consult your doctor. To identify the symptoms of disease, differentiate the disease, determine the best medicine for bronchitis and find out how to properly take it, you need to contact a specialist. Trust doctors, do not need to deal with the situation of complications, delayed treatment or inappropriate treatment, and with an unreasonable choice of medications.


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